Footnotes For The Reader: Interview with Leevi Lehto, Summer 2018; accompanying the preface to “Alussa oli Kääntäminen: 2000-luvun poetiikkaa” (In the Beginning Was Translation: A 21st Century Poetics), for S’lim Zine #6

The first time Ulysses appeared in Finnish (Odysseus, 1964) the translator of that novel, Pentti Saarikoski, consulted an instruction manual that today would be considered quite flawed, or at least out of date. Can you describe how your own translation of Ulysses (2012) and the one that came before it have been influenced by two different notions of contemporary literature...more

Without the about, the reader wouldn’t know that the publishers of this zine are Helsinki-based, or that they initiate projects that exist in the margins of architecture and design, or that their website is built using Indexhibit – though maybe in the future they would like to update it into something else ( There’s no chance of knowing that S’lim Zine has two different International Standard Serial Numbers, or that each issue is deliberately restricted to 36 A4 sized pages,1 or that no.6 is about Helsinki – without the about...more

Let’s start with “Kitchen Party”. For the readers who haven’t seen the film, can you begin by describing the premise and how the kitchen plays into it? Was the kitchen part of the story from the beginning or did it evolve, say, after developing the characters...more

The Midden marks the end of a five-year multidisciplinary research initiative on ecological issues in contemporary art. In response to the current oil-dependent society, termed fossil modernity, it aims at imagining new paths toward more livable futures. The book digs into a heap of material amassed by the art research project Frontiers in Retreat (2013–18) involving 25 artists at residencies across Europe. Contributors from the fields of media studies, speculative fiction, philosophy and curatorial writing include Taru Elfving, Emmi Itäranta, Jenni Nurmenniemi, Jussi Parikka, Antti Salminen, and Tracey Warr...more

Portraits Probably, Spring 2016; workshop at Design Museum Helsinki on the ocassion of the exhibition “Daniel Palillo”, for Helsinki New and Pre Helsinki

If those who are undone by theory become theorists, what becomes of those who are undone by fashion? Join Daniel Palillo at Design Museum Helsinki in a hands-on workshop for undoing fashion. An event for becoming makeshift makeup artists and objects of the eye. Live face making, with skin-safe ink or paper construction, will be captured by portrait specialsit Sanna Lehto. Participants will receive a digital copy of their portait after the event...more

Try To Act As If You Don’t Know, Autumn 2018; review of the publication “OASE #100: Karel Martens and the Architecture of the Journal”, for the Finnish Architectural Review (Arkkitehti-lehti)

Looking at the front and inside flaps of OASE 100, covered in every colophon detail since issue 28 and itemized as index-like lists that are arranged by category, you can’t help but notice one thing. Those don’t go there. Almost as a reminder, the credits of the current issue are also near the back where designers typically put them. Through his work as both a designer and a teacher, Karel shares a kind of mindset with you. Sometimes, by way of an impossible exercise: “I often say, try to act as if you don’t know what a book is, like you’ve never seen a book cover before” (2010 interview with Harmen Liemburg)...more

Works on Paper, Spring/Summer 2019; (three) press releases, for Garret Publications

The book opens with what Mattila calls a “mistake”, that of a coloured dot and a drip of paint running from it. The mark on paper, signalling new possibilities for the artist, would prove to be the foundational element in a series of variations and artworks – on light, colour, shadow, and fragile forms. Each with their own power “to tell us about life, space and hope.”...more

A Table With Three Legs, Summer 2018; conceptual reading of Alvar Aalto’s Stool 60, for “The Lives of Others” exhibition catalogue at Factory Gallery in Seoul

Imagine that the Finnish design system is a table standing on four legs. The entire infrastructure is supported equally by four pillars and each of them representing part of the industry – education, memory, profession and promotion. Playing a bit of the game ‘telephone’ here, the metaphor was heard from Professor Pekka Korvenmaa – during an open discussion at Design Museum Helsinki – who allegedly heard it from Antti Nurmesniemi. A story’s origin, you could argue, is almost always up for debate but Korvenmaa, having written the book Finnish Design: A Concise History, had secured his reputation some years ago with a mass of reliable source material. As the professor reached the end of his opening remarks the audience was left on the edge of their seat: “if one leg falls, the table falls down...more

The quadratic format plots the alphabet on a 5×5 letter grid, with the letter K always replaced with the letter C for sake of economy and convenience (as in H-O-U-S-E-C-E-E-P-I-N-G). To locate a letter on the grid, identify the horizontal row from the first 1–5 knocks, then the vertical column from the next 1–5 knocks, which are always separated by a pause. Consider the first and last letters of the alphabet for example; two knocks separated by a pause designates the letter A (first row, first column), while ten knocks separated by a pause mid-way designates the letter Z (5th row, 5th column). Note that identifying the pause between row and column is crucial since six knocks can potentially designate letter E (1,5), letter I (2,4), letter N (3,3), letter R (4,2), or letter V (5,1), depending on the position of the pause...more


“Auki” (Open) A3 poster for Bookmarchitecture. Currently at the printer.   

“Finnish Architectural Review” magazine (Arkkitehti-lehti), issue 5—2019, for the Finnish Association of Architects (SAFA). Offset printed, 230 × 297mm.

“Finnish Architectural Review” magazine (Arkkitehti-lehti), covers from 2019 that I worked on (numbers 1,3,5 of 6), for the Finnish Association of Architects (SAFA). Offset printed, 230 × 297mm

Personal study: Digitized set of the characters 0–9 in seven weights. Original source material discovered on the January 1980 issue of Декоративное искусство СССР (#266), a monthly magazine on decorative art in the USSR that ran from 1957 to 1991. Cover art credited to Р.Найдена, a surname that also translates into the word ‘found’.  

“Finnish Architectural Review” magazine (Arkkitehti-lehti), issue 3—2019, for the Finnish Association of Architects (SAFA). Offset printed, 230 × 297mm.

“Towards a Digital University” exhibition graphics, for Dipoli Gallery at Aalto University. Vinyl lettering and digital screens, various dimensions.

“Hatching” exhibition poster, for Kosminen art space. Digital print, 500 × 700mm.

“Kokonainen Canth: Kuohuva keho ja mieli” exhibition banner, for Teatterimuseum in Helsinki. Digital print on fabric, 33cm × 215cm.

“Finnish Architectural Review” magazine (Arkkitehti-lehti), issue 1—2019, for the Finnish Association of Architects (SAFA). Offset printed, 230 × 297mm.

“Salt in the Wound: Encountering Contemporary Artists across Europe by Jurriaan Benschop”, inlay, for Garret Publications. Offset printed, 130 × 200mm. 

“On Returning: Workshop for Post-Digital Archives” poster, publication and tumblr page, for the Visual Resources Centre at Aalto University. Digital print, 297 × 420mm, 128 × 182mm. Design collaboration with Joosung Kang.

Almost Improv: Interview with Filmmaker Gary Burns”, two-sided poster on the occassion of screening the film Kitchen Party (1997), as part of the S’lim Zine #6 programme, for Selim Projects. Digital newsprint, 578 × 380mm.

“Art Recipes Cookbook” night school course, promotional material, for Espoon Kuvataidekoulu. Digital screen, 476 × 316px.

“S’lim Zine #6”, for Selim Projects. Risograph print, 210 × 297mm. Design collaboration with Joosung Kang

Temporary website for Partisans Architecture, active from July 2018 to August 2019. Coding by Tom Engström.

“Design Matters: 7 Case Studies” booklet in the Innovation Scout series, for Innovation Services at Aalto University. Offset print, 160 × 200mm.

“Design Matters: A Short Guide for Using Design” booklet in the Innovation Scout series (back and front cover), for Innovation Services at Aalto University. Digital print, 160 × 200mm.

“Yearbook of Exhibitions 2016–17” publication, for Harald Herlin Learning Centre at Aalto University. Risograph and digital print, day calendar glue binding, 170 × 250mm.

“Dipoli Living Room” exhibtion graphics for Dipoli Gallery at Aalto University. Digital print on fabric, 154 × 194cm.

“On Lenin: Atlases, Herbariums and Rituals” artist publication by Sezgin Boynik (front and back ‘sleeve’), for Checkpoint Helsinki. Digital print on hazel coloured board, 200 × 200mm.

“On Lenin: Atlases, Herbariums and Rituals” artist publication by Sezgin Boynik, for Checkpoint Helsinki. Digital print, 197 × 197mm.

“Uncanny Interdependence” symposium booklet, for Checkpoint Helsinki. Digital print, 165 × 235mm. 

“Jukeboksi” exhibition graphics at Flow Festival, for Aalto University. Digital print wheat pasted to particle board.

“Social Fabric of Migration” exhibition graphics, for Harald Herlin Learning Centre at Aalto University. Printed vinyl. Photo by Mikko Raskinen.

“Is/Not: Sculpture for the Post-Truth Era” leaflet and exhibition graphics, for Harald Herlin Learning Centre at Aalto University. Digital print 297 × 420mm and printed vinyl. Artwork by Ali Akbar Mehta.

“Histories Herstories Hi-stories” exhibtion reader (covers during assembly and spread), for Harald Herlin Learning Centre at Aalto University. Digital print, 150 × 420mm.

“Unexpected Encounters” exhibition leaflet, for Harald Herlin Learning Centre at Aalto University. Offset print, 150 × 210mm (folded).

Former website of the Visual Communication Design programme at Aalto University (, active from August 2015 to January 2019. Coding by Tom Engström.